Status: inclusion completed
Children with ADHD often have social problems: they are less popular with their peers and quarrel more often than children without ADHD. These social problems are a risk factor for later problems. Current treatments for ADHD often have little effect on these social problems in children with ADHD. Initial indications show that involving peers in the treatment is particularly helpful at the social level. Involving siblings in this is an obvious step.
In the PAINT-S study, we investigate the efficacy of a training in which young children with ADHD learn social behaviour in a playful manner, particularly in the interaction with their sibling without ADHD. The training focuses on giving compliments, sharing, helping each other and solving problems together.
Helping each other
Two siblings per family participate, one with and one without ADHD. The child without ADHD will attend seven training sessions, and the child with ADHD four. All training sessions are held at home. During the training sessions, the children will learn the correct way to display social behaviour on the basis of example films of desired and undesired behaviour. They will then practice the learned skill through play, first with the therapist and then with their sibling. The child without ADHD will also learn how to playfully teach this behaviour to his/her brother/sister with ADHD and praise him/her.
At the end of the study, it will be examined whether the child with ADHD shows more socially desirable behaviour and less negative behaviour. The children will receive a small reward at the end of the examination.
What are the benefits of participation?
Siblings learn in a playful way how to relate to each other in a more positive way. Parents learn how they can stimulate positive social behaviour among their children. Furthermore, participating families contribute to knowledge about effective interventions for children with ADHD.
Prof. dr. Barbara van den Hoofdakker
Accare Child Study Center
Dr. Tycho Dekkers
Accare Child Study Center; Levvel
Universiteit van Amsterdam
Accare Child Study Center
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